Variation in acid moiety of polybenzimidazoles: investigation of physico-chemical properties towards their applicability as proton exchange and gas separation membrane materials

TitleVariation in acid moiety of polybenzimidazoles: investigation of physico-chemical properties towards their applicability as proton exchange and gas separation membrane materials
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2009
AuthorsKumbharkar, SC, Islam, MNazrul, Potrekar, RA, Kharul, UK
JournalPolymer
Volume50
Issue6
Pagination1403-1413
Date PublishedMAR
ISSN0032-3861
KeywordsGas permeability, Polybenzimidazole, Proton exchange membrane
Abstract

A series of polybenzimidazoles (PBIs) were prepared from 3,3'-diaminobenzidine (DAB) and substituted aromatic dicarboxylic acids. Effects of added polarity, bulk and isomerism in the dicarboxylic acid moiety on the properties of formed aromatic polybenzimidazoles were investigated. Solution polycondensation procedure was optimized for individual case of PBI synthesis in order to obtain inherent viscosity of >= 1 dL/g. Analysis of physical properties, water uptake, acid doping (H(3)PO(4) and H(2)SO(4)) and gas permeability was performed. All these PBIs exhibited high thermal stability, good solvent solubility and amorphous nature. The uptake of H(3)PO(4) varied from 9 to 20.1 moles per repeat unit (mol/RU), H(2)SO(4) uptake varied from 3.39 to 3.81 mol/RU, while water uptake varied from 1.8 to 3.6 mol/RU of PBI. The dibromoterephthalic acid and tert-butylisophthalic acid based PBI showed the highest H(3)PO(4) uptake in the series, while tert-butylisophthalic acid based PBI exhibited the highest water uptake. Acid uptake was correlated with swelling of the PBI matrix, while density estimation of H(3)PO(4)-doped PBI by He gas expansion method could be correlated to the physical state of PBI. 5-tert-Butylisophthalic acid and 4,4'-(hexafluoroisopropylidene)bis(benzoic acid) based PBI exhibited higher H(2) and O(2) permeability than other PBIs. The ideal gas selectivity for O(2)/H(2) was considerably higher for most of the PBIs than conventional gas separation membrane materials. These analyses suggested that some of these PBIs have a potential to be used as a PEM or gas separation membrane material. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

DOI10.1016/j.polymer.2009.01.043
Type of Journal (Indian or Foreign)

Foreign

Impact Factor (IF)

3.828

Divison category: 
Polymer Science & Engineering