Tandem synthesis of glycidol via transesterification of glycerol with DMC over Ba-mixed metal oxide catalysts

TitleTandem synthesis of glycidol via transesterification of glycerol with DMC over Ba-mixed metal oxide catalysts
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsKondawar, SE, Patil, CR, Rode, CV
JournalACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering
Volume5
Issue2
Pagination1763-1774
Date PublishedFEB
Type of ArticleArticle
Abstract

Glycerol carbonate (GC) and glycidol (GD) are commercial products possible from glycerol transformation, which has become a subject of great importance. Among several basic catalysts screened in this work, BaO showed the highest glycerol conversion of 71% with almost complete selectivity to GC. A tandem synthesis of GD with a selectivity as high as 80% with 98% glycerol conversion could be achieved with mixed oxides of Ba and lanthanides (La and Ce) prepared by the coprecipitation method. Although BaO alone showed the highest basicity as measured by CO2 TPD, tuning of basicity by incorporation of CeO2 resulted in the formation of GD. Incorporation of Ba into the ceria matrix induced oxygen vacancies in the cerium oxide material. The presence of u"/v" doublets at 888.7 and 903.2 eV, respectively, in XPS of the Ba-Ce sample also confirmed the oxygen vacancies in the lattice. In this tandem approach to GD, the subsequent decarboxylation of initially formed GC was due to the presence of a CeO2 lattice with defects, which is known to be the best for CO2 adsorption. Increase in both catalyst loading and temperature showed a dramatic enhancement in GD selectivity. A plausible reaction pathway for the transesterification of glycerol with DMC to give GC followed by its decarboxylation to GD is also proposed based on the structural characterization and activity studies.

DOI10.1021/acssuschemeng.6b02520
Type of Journal (Indian or Foreign)

Foreign

Impact Factor (IF)

5.78

Divison category: 
Chemical Engineering & Process Development