Oxidative coupling of methane over La-promoted CaO catalysts: influence of precursors and catalyst preparation method

TitleOxidative coupling of methane over La-promoted CaO catalysts: influence of precursors and catalyst preparation method
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2010
AuthorsRane, VH, Chaudhari, ST, Choudhary, VR
JournalJournal of Natural Gas Chemistry
Volume19
Issue1
Pagination25-30
Date PublishedJAN
ISSN1003-9953
Keywordsbasicity distribution, La-promoted CaO catalysts, oxidative coupling of methane
Abstract

The oxidative coupling of methane to C(2) hydrocarbons has been studied over a series of La-promoted CaO (La/Ca = 0.05) catalysts, prepared using different precursor salts for CaO and La(2)O(3) (viz. acetates, carbonates, nitrates and hydroxides) and catalyst preparation methods (viz. physical mixing of precursors, co-precipitation using ammonium carbonate/sodium carbonate as a precipitating agent), under different reaction conditions (temperature: 700-850 degrees C, CH(4)/O(2) ratio: 4.0 and 8.0, and GHSV: 51360 cm(3).g(-1).h(-1)). The surface area and surface basicity/base strength distribution of the catalysts have also been investigated. The surface properties and catalytic activity/selectivity of the La-promoted CaO catalysts vary from catalyst to catalyst depending on the catalyst precursors used and catalyst preparation method. The basicity/base strength distribution is strongly influenced by the precursors (for CaO and La(2)O(3)) and catalyst preparation method. Basicity (total and strong basic sites measured in terms of CO(2) chemisorbed at 50 degrees C and 500 degrees C, respectively) observed for the catalyst prepared by co-precipitation method is higher than that of the catalysts prepared by physical mixing method. The catalysts prepared by the nitrates of La- and Ca- and co-precipitated by the solution of sodium carbonate and ammonium carbonate exhibit different catalytic performance in OCM. The finding that no direct relationship between the surface basicity and catalytic activity/selectivity in OCM exists indicates that basicity is not solely responsible for obtaining high selectivity to C(2) hydrocarbons.

DOI10.1016/S1003-9953(09)60023-2
Type of Journal (Indian or Foreign)

Foreign

Impact Factor (IF)

1.345

Divison category: 
Chemical Engineering & Process Development