New cardo bisphenol monomer containing pendant azido group and the resulting aromatic polyesters

TitleNew cardo bisphenol monomer containing pendant azido group and the resulting aromatic polyesters
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsMaher, DM, Nagane, SS, Jadhav, UA, Salunkhe, PH, Tawade, BV, Wadgaonkar, PP
JournalJournal of Polymer Science Part A-Polymer Chemistry
Date PublishedJUL
Type of ArticleArticle
Keywordsaromatic (co)polyester, azido group, cardo bisphenol, Chemical modification

Expanding on our strategy to synthesize aromatic step-growth polymers containing pendant clickable azido groups via functional monomer approach, we have now designed and synthesized a new cardo bisphenol, viz., 2-(2-azidoethyl)-3, 3-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl) isoindolin-1-one (PPH-N-3). PPH-N-3 was conveniently synthesized starting from commercially available phenolphthalein by a three-step route in an overall yield of 65% using simple organic transformations. Aromatic (co)polyesters bearing pendant azido groups were synthesized by low-temperature solution polycondensation of PPH-N-3 or different molar ratios of PPH-N-3 and bisphenol-A (BPA) with aromatic diacid chlorides in dry dichloromethane in the presence of triethylamine (TEA) as a base. The formation of medium to reasonably high-molecular-weight (co)polyesters was evidenced from intrinsic viscosity and number-average molecular-weight measurements that were in the range 0.52-0.85 dL/g and 16,700-28,200, respectively. Tough, transparent, and flexible films could be cast from chloroform solutions of these (co)polyesters. (Co)polyesters were characterized using FTIR, H-1 NMR, C-13 NMR spectroscopy, XRD, and TGA. The thermal curing reaction of (co)polyesters involving decomposition of azido groups was studied by DSC analysis. The chemical modification of a representative copolyester containing pendant azido groups was carried out quantitatively using catalyst-free azide-maleimide cycloaddition reaction with two maleimides, namely, N-methylmaleimide and N-hexylmaleimide. (c) 2019 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

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Polymer Science & Engineering