MgCl2 center dot 6CH(3)OH: a simple molecular adduct and its influence as a porous support for olefin polymerization

TitleMgCl2 center dot 6CH(3)OH: a simple molecular adduct and its influence as a porous support for olefin polymerization
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsGnanakumar, ES, Gowda, RR, Kunjir, S, Ajithkumar, TG, Rajamohanan, PR, Chakraborty, D, Gopinath, CS
JournalACS Catalysis
Volume3
Issue3
Pagination303-311
Date PublishedMAR
ISSN2155-5435
Keywordsheterogeneous catalysis, MgCl2, Molecular adduct, olefin polymerization, Ziegler-Natta catalyst
Abstract

A single phase molecular adduct, MgCl2 center dot 6CH(3)OH has been synthesized using MgCl2 and the simplest alcohol, methanol. Structural, spectroscopic, and morphological studies have been carried out for a better understanding of the single phase MgCl2 center dot 6CH(3)OH adduct. C-13 CPMAS solid state NMR studies show all six methanol molecules are magnetically equivalent and present in a single environment around the Mg2+ center. Raman spectral analysis of the characteristic peak at 708 cm(-1) substantiates octahedral coordination of six CH3OH molecules around Mg2+. Solid state C-13 NMR measurements, made after heat treatment at different temperatures, have been utilized to understand the variations in CH3OH stoichiometry and coordination around Mg2+ with temperature. A titanated active catalyst, TiCl4 on MgCl2 center dot 6CH(3)OH, has also been synthesized and subjected to detailed characterizations. The active catalyst shows high surface area (102 m(2)/g) and mesoporosity. The titanated catalyst has been screened for ethylene polymerization reactions using different cocatalysts (R3Al; R= -CH3, -CH2CH3, and -CH2CH(CH3)(2)). A total of 7.25 kg of polyethylene per gram of catalyst has been obtained with Me3Al cocatalyst, which is six times higher in activity compared with commercial Me3Al/TiCl4/MgCl2 center dot 6EtOH-supported orted catalystAlthough porosity influences the catalytic activity, other factors also seem to contribute to the total catalytic activity.

DOI10.1021/cs300730j
Type of Journal (Indian or Foreign)

Foreign

Impact Factor (IF)

7.572

Divison category: 
Catalysis and Inorganic Chemistry
Central NMR Facility