Kinetics of arylation of 3-bromo-benzophenone with n-butylacrylate using NC palladacycle catalyst

TitleKinetics of arylation of 3-bromo-benzophenone with n-butylacrylate using NC palladacycle catalyst
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2009
AuthorsAtla, SB, Rajurkar, KB, Kelkar, AA, Chaudhari, RV
JournalJournal of Molecular Catalysis A-Chemical
Volume309
Issue1-2
Pagination111-116
Date PublishedAUG
ISSN1381-1169
KeywordsArylation, Heck reaction, kinetics, Palladacycle
Abstract

The kinetics of arylation of n-butylacrylate (n-BA) with 3-bromo-benzophenone (BBP) using a monomeric palladacycle complex [Pd(ppy)(PPh(3))(OTs)](ppy=2-phenylpyridine) catalyst has been studied. The effect of concentration of the substrate, base (NaOAc), and catalyst was studied at three different temperatures (413-433 K). The rate was found to be first order with respect to catalyst, first order tending to zero order with respect to n-butylacrylate and NaOAc concentrations. The rate passed through a maximum with variation of BBP concentration. The observed results have been explained on the basis of formation of Pd species (PdX(2), PdX(3)(-), PdX(4)(2-), and Pd(2)X(6)(2-)) which are inactive for the Heck reaction. Various empirical rate equations were considered to fit the rate data and the best fitting model has been selected. The rates predicted by model were found to be in good agreement with the observed experimental data. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

DOI10.1016/j.molcata.2009.05.003
Type of Journal (Indian or Foreign)

Foreign

Impact Factor (IF)

2.872

Divison category: 
Chemical Engineering & Process Development