Isolates of alpinia officinarum hance as COX-2 inhibitors: evidence from anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and molecular docking studies

TitleIsolates of alpinia officinarum hance as COX-2 inhibitors: evidence from anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and molecular docking studies
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsHonmore, VS, Kandhare, AD, Kadam, PP, Khedkar, VM, Sarkar, D, Bodhankar, SL, Zanwar, AA, Rojatkar, SR, Natu, AD
JournalInternational Immunopharmacology
Date PublishedAPR
Keywords5-Hydroxy-7-(4 `'-hydroxy-3 `'-methoxyphenyl)-1-phenyl-3-heptanone, Alpinia officinarum, Anti-inflammatory, Antioxidant, COX-2 inhibitors, Galangin

Background: Inflammation triggered by oxidative stress can cause various ailments, such as cancer, rheumatoid arthritis, asthma, diabetes etc. In the last few years, there has been a renewed interest in studying the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory action of plant constituents such as flavonoids and diarylheptanoids. Aim: To evaluate the antioxidant, anti-inflammatory activity and the total phenolic content of isolated compounds from Alpinia officinarum rhizomes. Furthermore, molecular docking was performed to study the binding mode of these compounds into the active site of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX -2). Methods: A. officinarum rhizomes were extracted by maceration, using methanol. This extract was further fractionated by partitioning with hexane, chloroform and ethyl acetate and these fractions on further purification resulted in isolation of five pure compounds. Characterization was carried out by using H-1 NMR, C-13 NMR and MS. They were further evaluated for antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activity using carrageenan-induced paw edema model in rats. Molecular docking study was performed using Glide module integrated in Schrodinger molecular modeling software. Results: The compounds were identified as 1,7-diphenylhept-4-en-3-one (1), 5-hydroxy-1,7-diphenyl-3-heptanone (2), 3,5,7-trihydroxyflavone (Galangin, 3), 3,5,7-trihydroxy-4'-methoxyflavone (Kaempferide, 4) and 5-hydroxy-7-(4 `'-hydroxy-3 `'-methoxyphenyl)-1-phenyl-3-heptanone (5). The compound-3 and compound-5 (10 mg/kg) showed significant (p < 0.001) antioxidant and anti-inflammatory potential. Moreover, total phenolic content was detected as 72.96 mg and 51.18 mg gallic acid equivalent respectively. All the five isolates were found to be good binders with COX-2 (average docking score -9.03). Conclusions: Galangin and 5-hydroxy-7-(4 `'-hydroxy-3 `'-methoxyphenyl)-1-phenyl-3-heptanone exhibited anti-inflammatory and in-vitro antioxidant activity which may be due to presence of phenolic content in it. The molecular docking study revealed that these compounds have affinity towards COX-2 active site which can further be explored as selective COX-2 inhibitors. The results obtained in this work justify the use of A. officinarum in the treatment of inflammatory disorders like rheumatoid arthritis and inflammatory bowel diseases. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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Divison category: 
Organic Chemistry