Highly selective synthesis of mono-ethylene glycol phenyl ethers via hydroxyalkoxylation of phenols by cyclic carbonates using large pore zeolites

TitleHighly selective synthesis of mono-ethylene glycol phenyl ethers via hydroxyalkoxylation of phenols by cyclic carbonates using large pore zeolites
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2008
AuthorsKinage, AK, Gupte, SP, Chaturvedi, RK, Chaudhari, RV
JournalCatalysis Communications
Volume9
Issue7
Pagination1649-1655
Date PublishedAPR
Type of ArticleArticle
ISSN1566-7367
Keywordscyclic carbonate, ethylene glycol phenyl ether, hydroxyalkoxylation, phenol
Abstract

Hydroxyalkoxylation of phenols by cyclic carbonates catalyzed by alkali loaded large pore zeolites has been reported. The study shows that KL type zeolite was recyclable and selective in producing mono-ethylene glycol pheryl ethers in similar to 98.5% yield. Various substituted simple phenols were converted into mono-ethylene glycol ether of phenols with over 90% yields, except 3-bromo and 2-methyl phenols. Mono hydroxyl plienols such as hydroquinone, biphenol and BPA (2,2-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)propane) also produce corresponding mono- and di-ethylene glycol ethers. The ratio of ethylene carbonate to phenol was found to be critical for selective formation of monoethylene glycol phenyl ether of phenols. A ratio of two results in formation of appreciable amount of diether derivative viz., 2-(2-phenoxyethoxy) ethanol. Compared to ethylene carbonate, a lower reactivity of 1,2-propane carbonate was found for hydroxyalkoxylation of phenol. It was found that ring opening at less hindered methylene carbon of 1,2-propylene carbonate prevailed giving rise to selective formation of beta-hydroxy phenyl ethers. The reactivity of ethylene carbonate towards O-alkylation versus transesterification of phenol has been explained on the basis of HSAB concept. Finally, it has been shown that yield of mono-ethylene glycol phenyl ether is controlled both by basicity and channel architecture of zeolite structure. KL zeolite was found to be the most effective zeolite because of it's intermediate basicity and one dimensional channel architect. (C) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

DOI10.1016/j.catcom.2008.01.019
Type of Journal (Indian or Foreign)

Foreign

Impact Factor (IF)

3.389

Divison category: 
Catalysis and Inorganic Chemistry