Highly frustrated liquid crystal phases in optically active dimers: synthesis and rich phase transitional behavior

TitleHighly frustrated liquid crystal phases in optically active dimers: synthesis and rich phase transitional behavior
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsNayak, RA, Bhat, SA, Shanker, G, Rao, DSS, Yelamaggad, CV
JournalNew Journal of Chemistry
Volume43
Issue5
Pagination2148-2162
Date PublishedJAN
Type of ArticleArticle
Abstract

Herein we report on the synthesis and characterization of four new series of optically active, nonsymmetric dimers in which cholesterol is covalently linked to a Schiff base core through an ω-oxyalkanoyl spacer. While the Schiff base core is substituted with n-butyloxy, n-hexyloxy, n-octyloxy, n-decyloxy and n-dodecyloxy tails, three even-parity spacers, namely, 4-oxybutanoyl, 6-oxyhexanoyl, 8-oxyoctanoyl, and an odd-parity spacer, namely, 5-oxypentanoyl, have been used to join the two cores. The experimental results show that the length and parity of the spacer and the length of the terminal tail play a vital role in deciding the phase sequences of the dimers. In general, the dimers possessing an even-parity spacer display enantiotropic LC phases such as chiral nematic (N*), twist grain boundary (TGB), smectic A (SmA), chiral smectic C (SmC*) and twist grain boundary phase with SmC* slabs (TGBC*). Some of these dimers display TGBC* over a wide temperature range. The dimers with an odd-parity (5-oxypentanoyl) spacer display, unlike their even-membered counterparts, blue phases (BPIII/II/I); besides, they stabilize N* and/or unknown smectic (SmX) phases. The circular dichroism (CD) measurements were carried out as a function of temperature on the planar texture formed by three even-membered dimers and an odd-membered dimer. The occurrence of a strong negative CD band in the N* phase of the even-membered dimers suggests a left-handed screw sense of the macroscopic helical structure, and the scenario is opposite in the case of an odd-membered dimer.

DOI10.1039/C8NJ03520B
Type of Journal (Indian or Foreign)

Foreign

Impact Factor (IF)

3.201

Divison category: 
Polymer Science & Engineering