HBGS (hydrate based gas separation) process for carbon dioxide capture employing an unstirred reactor with cyclopentane

TitleHBGS (hydrate based gas separation) process for carbon dioxide capture employing an unstirred reactor with cyclopentane
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsHo, LChuan, Babu, P, Kumar, R, Linga, P
JournalEnergy
Volume63
Pagination252-259
Date PublishedDEC
ISSN0360-5442
KeywordsCarbon dioxide capture, Cyclopentane, Gas hydrates, Gas separation, Pre-combustion, Unstirred reactor
Abstract

The effect of CP (cyclopentane) as a promoter/additive, in the HBGS (hydrate based gas separation) process for pre-combustion gas mixture was investigated by employing an unstirred reactor configuration. Gas uptake measurements were performed at two different temperatures (275.7 K and 285.7 K) and at an experimental pressure of 6.0 MPa to determine the kinetics of hydrate formation. Experiments were conducted with three different volumes (7.5, 15 and 22 ml) of CP and based on induction time and the rate of hydrate growth, 15 ml of CP was determined to be the optimal volume for carbon dioxide capture at 6.0 MPa and 275.7 K. In addition, the effect of a kinetic promoter, SDS (sodium dodecyl sulfate), was investigated. Surprisingly, no improvement in kinetic performance was observed at 6.0 MPa and 275.7 K in the presence of SDS and CP. From the study, it was found that at the optimal 15 ml CP (CP layer thickness of 1.8 mm), the average composition of carbon dioxide in the hydrate phase was 90.36 mol% with a separation factor of 17.82. Furthermore, the unstirred reactor also yielded better kinetic performance over the stirred tank reactor with the unstirred reactor having a 2.28 times higher average gas uptake. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

DOI10.1016/j.energy.2013.10.031
Type of Journal (Indian or Foreign)

Foreign

Impact Factor (IF)

4.159

Divison category: 
Chemical Engineering & Process Development