Haval-Argade contrathermodynamic rearrangement of alkylidenesuccinimides to alkylmaleimides via the corresponding isoimides: a general approach to alkyl and dialkyl substituted maleimides

TitleHaval-Argade contrathermodynamic rearrangement of alkylidenesuccinimides to alkylmaleimides via the corresponding isoimides: a general approach to alkyl and dialkyl substituted maleimides
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2006
AuthorsHaval, KP, Argade, NP
JournalTetrahedron
Volume62
Issue15
Pagination3557-3563
Date PublishedAPR
Type of ArticleArticle
ISSN0040-4020
Keywordsalkyl and dialkylmaleimides, contrathermodynamic rearrangement, isomaleimides, maleimides, wittig coupling
Abstract

A simple and efficient access to alkyl and dialkyl substituted maleimides has been demonstrated via the new contrathermodynamic rearrangement of (E)-alkylidenesuccinimides to alkylinaleimides. The (E)-alkylidenesuccinimides obtained from the Wittig-condensation of N-arylmaleimide with aliphatic aldehydes oil regioselective hydrolysis furnished the corresponding (E)-alkylidenesuccinanilic acids in 95-98% yields. The beta-alkylidenesuccinanilic acids oil treatment with cyanuric chloride in the presence of triethylamine gave the corresponding beta-alkylisomaleimides in 78-80% yields via the beta-alkylideneisosuccinimides with the exocyclic to endocyclic carbon-carbon double bond migration. The kinetically controlled products alkylisomaleimides in refluxing acetic acid furnished the thermodynamically controlled alkylinaleimides in 98% yield. The Wittig condensation of alkyl substituted isomaleimides/maleimides with aliphatic aldehydes gave the desired dialkyl substituted maleimides in high yields. A conversion of alpha-methylenesuccinanilic acids to alpha-methylisomaleimides has also been described, with 90% yield. (c) 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

DOI10.1016/j.tet.2006.01.091
Type of Journal (Indian or Foreign)

Foreign

Impact Factor (IF)

2.645

Divison category: 
Organic Chemistry