Facile synthesis of N-benzylated 3-alkyl-2,6-diarylpiperidin-4-ones: Stereochemical investigation by 1D/2D NMR and single-crystal XRD

TitleFacile synthesis of N-benzylated 3-alkyl-2,6-diarylpiperidin-4-ones: Stereochemical investigation by 1D/2D NMR and single-crystal XRD
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsDindulkar, SD, Parthiban, P, Puranik, VG, Jeong, YTae
JournalJournal of Molecular Structure
Volume990
Issue1-3
Pagination44-56
Date PublishedMAR
ISSN0022-2860
Keywords2D NMR, Conformation, N-benzylation, Piperidin-4-one, single-crystal XRD, Stereochemistry
Abstract

A series of thirteen 1-benzyl-3-alkyl-2,6-diarylpiperidin-4-ones 14-26 were conveniently synthesized in high yields 87-92%. In order to find the impact on piperidone stereochemistry, beside the N-benzylation, methyl/ethyl/isopropyl groups at C-3 and halo/alkyl/alkoxy/benzyloxy groups on the phenyl rings at C-2/C-6 were introduced. All the synthesized compounds were characterized by mass, (1)H and (13)C NMR spectral studies. Of them, the 1-benzyl-3-ethyl-2,6-diphenylpiperidin-4-one 22 was completely characterized by 2D NMR techniques such as (1)H-(1)H COSY, (1)H-(13)C COSY and NOESY to assign the signals, unambiguously. The proton coupling constants and NOE correlations provided the complete stereochemistry of 22, which is further witnessed by its single-crystal XRD analysis. The NMR and XRD studies revealed that the compound 22 exists in a chair conformation with equatorial orientation of all the substituents in both solution and solid states. On the basis of their vicinal coupling constants, the chair conformation with equatorial orientation of the substituents at C-2, C-3, C-6 and N is proposed for all compounds 14-26; moreover, a considerable population of boat conformation also suggested for the compound 26 along with the predominant chair conformation, in solution. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

DOI10.1016/j.molstruc.2010.12.054
Type of Journal (Indian or Foreign)

Foreign

Impact Factor (IF)

1.77

Divison category: 
Center for Material Characterization (CMC)