Facile synthesis of 3D anode assembly with Si nanoparticles sealed in highly pure few layer graphene deposited on porous current collector for long life Li‐Ion battery

TitleFacile synthesis of 3D anode assembly with Si nanoparticles sealed in highly pure few layer graphene deposited on porous current collector for long life Li‐Ion battery
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsShelke, MV, Gullapalli, H, Kalaga, K, Rodrigues, M, Devarapalli, RReddy, Vajtai, R, Ajayan, PM
JournalAdvanced Materials Interfaces
Volume4
Issue10
PaginationArticle Number: 1601043
Date PublishedMAR
Type of ArticleArticle
Abstract

With its exceptional theoretical charge capacity, silicon holds great promise as an anode material for realization of high energy density Li-ion batteries. However, extensive volume expansion and poor cycle stability of silicon compromise its actual use. In an effort to tame volume expansion and structural disintegration during cycling, an innovative 3D electrode assembly is fabricated involving continuous layer of graphene coated on porous current collector and Si nanoparticles sealed in as an active material. Graphene deposition and pore formation in metal current collector is achieved in a unique single step synthesis. All the active components like current collector, reacting material, and conducting material are manipulated in a way to produce synergistic architecture in a chemical vapor deposition process. Highly pure graphene deposited in this process enables efficient electron transfer from allover of the surface of silicon nanoparticles and prevents continuous solid electrolyte interphase layer formation. This binder free anode assembly shows extremely stable lithium storage performance for over 1000 cycles with 88% of initial capacity retention and 100% Coulombic efficiency.

DOI10.1002/admi.201601043
Type of Journal (Indian or Foreign)

Foreign

Impact Factor (IF)

3.365

Divison category: 
Physical and Materials Chemistry