Dihedral angle control to improve the charge transport properties of conjugated polymers in organic field effect transistors

TitleDihedral angle control to improve the charge transport properties of conjugated polymers in organic field effect transistors
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsDharmapurikar, SS, Chithiravel, S, Mane, MV, Deshmukh, G, Krishnamoorthy, K
JournalChemical Physics Letters
Volume695
Pagination51-58
Date PublishedMAR
Abstract

Diketopyrrolopyrrole (DPP) and i-Indigo (i-Ind) are two monomers that are widely explored as active materials in organic field effect transistor and solar cells. These two molecules showed impressive charge carrier mobility due to better packing that are facilitated by quadrupoles. We hypothesized that the copolymers of these monomers would also exhibit high charge carrier mobility. However, we envisioned that the dihedral angle at the connecting point between the monomers will play a crucial role in packing as well as charge transport. To understand the impact of dihedral angle on charge transport, we synthesized three copolymers, wherein the DPP was sandwiched between benzenes, thiophenes and furans. The copolymer of i-Indigo and furan comprising DPP showed a band gap of 1.4 eV with a very high dihedral angle of 179 degrees. The polymer was found to pack better and the coherence length was found to be 112 angstrom. The hole carrier mobility of these polymer was found to be highest among the synthesized polymer i. e. 0.01 cm(2)/vs. The copolymer comprising benzene did not transport hole and electrons. The dihedral angle at the connecting point between i and Indigo and benzene DPP was 143 angstrom, which the packing and consequently charge transport properties. (C) 2018 Elsevier B. V. All rights reserved.

DOI10.1016/j.cplett.2018.01.052
Type of Journal (Indian or Foreign)

Foreign

Impact Factor (IF)

1.815

Divison category: 
Polymer Science & Engineering