Design, synthesis and biological evaluation of novel azaspiro analogs of linezolid as antibacterial and antitubercular agents

TitleDesign, synthesis and biological evaluation of novel azaspiro analogs of linezolid as antibacterial and antitubercular agents
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsGadekar, PK, Roychowdhury, A, Kharkar, PS, Khedkar, VM, Arkile, MA, Manek, H, Sarkar, D, Sharma, R, Vijayakumar, V, Sarveswari, S
JournalEuropean Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Volume122
Pagination475-487
Date PublishedOCT
Abstract

The design, synthesis and antimicrobial evaluation of a novel series of azaspiro analogues of linezolid (1) have been described. Linezolid comprises of a morpholine ring which is known for its metabolism related liabilities. Therefore, the key modification made in the linezolid structure was the replacement of morpholine moiety with its bioisostere, 2-oxa-6-azaspiro[3.3]heptane. Furthermore, the replacement of N-acetyl terminal of 1 with various aromatic or aliphatic functionalities was carried out. The title compounds were evaluated against a panel of Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria and Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Subsequent structure-activity relationship (SAR) studies identified several compounds with mixed antibacterial and antitubercular profiles. Compound 22 (IC50 0.72, 0.51, 0.88, 0.49 mu g/mL for Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis, respectively) exhibited similar antibacterial profile as I. The N-acetyl derivative 18 was similar to 1 in antitubercular profile. Thus, the present study successfully demonstrated the use of azaspiro substructure in the medicinal chemistry of antibacterial and antitubercular agents. (C) 2016 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

DOI10.1016/j.ejmech.2016.07.001
Type of Journal (Indian or Foreign)

Foreign

Impact Factor (IF)

3.902

Divison category: 
Organic Chemistry