Cyclic voltammetry, electrochemical impedance and ex situ X-ray diffraction studies of electrochemical insertion and deinsertion of lithium ion into nanostructured organic-inorganic poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) based hybrids

TitleCyclic voltammetry, electrochemical impedance and ex situ X-ray diffraction studies of electrochemical insertion and deinsertion of lithium ion into nanostructured organic-inorganic poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) based hybrids
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2007
AuthorsA. Murugan, V, Reddy, MV, Campet, G, Vijayamohanan, K
JournalJournal of Electroanalytical Chemistry
Volume603
Issue2
Pagination287-296
Date PublishedMAY
Type of ArticleArticle
ISSN1572-6657
Keywordscyclic voltammetry, ex situ XRD studies, high capacity lithium batteries, impedance studies, nanostructured hybrid materials
Abstract

In this work, we discuss the electrochemical insertion and deinsertion of lithium into poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) PEDOT-V(2)O(5) nanohybrids by using cyclic voltammetry (CV), electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and powder ex situ X-ray diffraction (XRD) studies with special emphasis on their application potential as cathode materials for rechargeable Lithium batteries. The interlayer spacing of crystalline V(2)O(5) expands from 0.43 to 1.41 nm by the intercalation of PEDOT nanoribbons prepared by a microwave irradiation method. Cyclic voltammetry studies of PEDOT-V(2)O(5) hybrid at a slow scan rate of 0.058 mVs(-1) between 2.0-4.3 V vs. Li/ Li(+), demonstrates that structural transitions Of V(2)O(5) are suppressed and more facile intercalation features appear in terms of well-defined reversible cathodic and anodic peaks when compared to that at higher scan rate. Electrochemical Impedance studies of PEDOT-V(2)O(5) hybrid as cathode at ambient temperature with lithium metal foil as both counter and reference electrodes in 1 M LiPF(6) in a mixture of ethylene and diethylcarbonate (50:50 by volume) between the range 2.0-4.3 V reveals the usefulness of these materials. The observed capacity fading during cycling in terms of surface passivation and structural transformations is also investigated by CV, EIS and XRD analysis. (C) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

DOI10.1016/j.jelechem.2007.02.013
Type of Journal (Indian or Foreign)

Foreign

Impact Factor (IF)

2.822

Divison category: 
Physical and Materials Chemistry