Complementation of intramolecular interactions for structural-functional stability of plant serine proteinase inhibitors

TitleComplementation of intramolecular interactions for structural-functional stability of plant serine proteinase inhibitors
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsJoshi, RS, Mishra, M, Suresh, CG, Gupta, VS, Giri, AP
JournalBiochimica Et Biophysica Acta-General Subjects
Date PublishedNOV
KeywordsDisulfide bond, hydrogen bonding, Intramolecular weak interaction, Protease, Reactive site loop, Serine proteinase inhibitor

Background: Plant protease inhibitors (PIs) constitute a diverse group of proteins capable of inhibiting proteases. Among Pls, serine Pls (SPIs) display stability and conformational restrictions of the reactive site loop by virtue of their compact size, and by the presence of disulfide bonds, hydrogen bonds, and other weak interactions. Scope of review: The significance of various intramolecular interactions contributing to protein folding mechanism and their role in overall stability and activity of SPIs is discussed here. Furthermore, we have reviewed the effect of variation or manipulation of these interactions on the activity/stability of SPIs. Major conclusions: The selective gain or loss of disulfide bond(s) in SPIs can be associated with their functional differentiation, which is likely to be compensated by non-covalent interactions (hydrogen bonding or electrostatic interactions). Thus, these intramolecular interactions are collectively responsible for the functional activity of SPIs, through the maintenance of scaffold framework, conformational rigidity and shape complementarities of reactive site loop. General significance: Structural insight of these interactions will provide an in-depth understanding of kinetic and thermodynamic parameters involved in the folding and stability mechanisms of SPIs. These features can be explored for engineering canonical SPIs for optimizing their overall stability and functionality for various applications. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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Biochemical Sciences