Carbon dioxide capture by metal organic frameworks

TitleCarbon dioxide capture by metal organic frameworks
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsSaha, S, Chandra, S, Garai, B, Banerjee, R
JournalIndian Journal of Chemistry Section A-Inorganic Bio-Inorganic Physical Theoretical & Analytical Chemistry
Date PublishedSEP
KeywordsCarbon dioxide adsorbents, Carbon dioxide capture, hybrid materials, Metal organic frameworks, Nanocarbons, Porous nanocarbons

The design and synthesis of functionalized metal organic framework materials (MOFs) for reversible physisorption of CO2 is discussed. This strategy of CO2 adsorption in MOFs requires less energy for regeneration than materials relying on chemisorption. As a result the MOFs have received considerable attention as sorbent materials for strategic gases such as CO2 and H,. In this review, we have discussed different MOFs and hybrid materials containing MOFs which can adsorb CO2 at room temperature. In order to achieve high adsorption capacity, fast CO2 adsorption-desorption and low energy requirement for regeneration are necessary. Several avenues for increasing the CO2 adsorption capacity of such materials, for instance, introduction of open metal sites and the use of ligand molecules with specific functionalities (like -OH or -NH2) have been described. It has been observed that CO2 loading capacity of MOFs increases with functionalization. Herein, we have discussed how N-containing and fluorinated MOFs are designed to achieve higher CO2 loading than their non-functionalized counterparts. Nanocarbons (e.g. carbon nanotubes, carbon nanofibres, etc.) are porous materials and a blend of these porous materials with porous MOFs or porous carbon derived from MOFs may act as a better adsorbate than even the pure materials. Enhancement of CO2 loading by nanocarbon-MOF hybrid material is also discussed.

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Physical and Materials Chemistry