Carbon derived from soft pyrolysis of a covalent organic framework as a support for small-sized RuO2 showing exceptionally low overpotential for oxygen evolution reaction

TitleCarbon derived from soft pyrolysis of a covalent organic framework as a support for small-sized RuO2 showing exceptionally low overpotential for oxygen evolution reaction
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsChakraborty, D, Nandi, S, Illathvalappil, R, Mullangi, D, Maity, R, Singh, SK, Haldar, S, Vinod, CP, Kurungot, S, Vaidhyanathan, R
JournalACS Omega
Volume4
Issue8
Pagination13465-13473
Date PublishedAUG
Type of ArticleArticle
ISSN2470-1343
Abstract

Electrochemical water splitting is the most energy-efficient technique for producing hydrogen and oxygen, the two valuable gases. However, it is limited by the slow kinetics of the anodic oxygen evolution reaction (OER), which can be improved using catalysts. Covalent organic framework (COF)-derived porous carbon can serve as an excellent catalyst support. Here, we report high electrocatalytic activity of two composites, formed by supporting RuO2 on carbon derived from two COFs with closely related structures. These composites catalyze oxygen evolution from alkaline media with overpotentials as low as 210 and 217 mV at 10 mA/cm(2), respectively. The Tafel slopes of these catalysts (65 and 67 mV/dec) indicate fast kinetics compared to commercial RuO2. The observed activity is the highest among all RuO2-based heterogeneous OER catalysts-a touted benchmark OER catalyst. The high catalytic activity arises from the extremely small-sized (similar to 3-4 nm) RuO2 nanoparticles homogeneously dispersed in a micro-mesoporous (BET = 517 m(2)/g) COF-derived carbon. The porous graphenic carbon favors mass transfer, while its N-rich framework anchors the catalytic nanoparticles, making it highly stable and recyclable. Crucially, the soft pyrolysis of the COF enables the formation of porous carbon and simultaneous growth of small RuO2 particles without aggregation.

DOI10.1021/acsomega.9b01777
Type of Journal (Indian or Foreign)

Foreign

Impact Factor (IF)

2.584

Divison category: 
Catalysis and Inorganic Chemistry
Physical and Materials Chemistry