Bridging the gap between micropores and mesopores by the controlled transformation of bifunctional periodic mesoporous silicas

TitleBridging the gap between micropores and mesopores by the controlled transformation of bifunctional periodic mesoporous silicas
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2008
AuthorsShylesh, S, Srilakshini, C, Singh, AP, Anderson, BG
JournalMicroporous and Mesoporous Materials
Date PublishedFEB
Type of ArticleArticle
Keywordsbifunctional silicas, chromium, Cyclohexane, MCM-41, Oxidation

Novel bifunctional periodic mesoporous silicas having high content of organic groups in the pore channels and chromium in the frame wall has been synthesized by direct co-condensation method, using organo trialkoxysilanes (chloro propyl, vinyl, methyl), chromium nitrate and tetraethyl orthosilicate, in presence of cetyltrimethyl ammonium surfactants. The obtained materials show one main peak in the XRD patterns up to a molar ratio of 1: 1 between TEOS and organosilane in the synthesis gel and N-2 adsorption-desorption analysis shows that the mesopore structure remains intact after the surfactant removal process. Among the organosilanes, chloro propyl and vinyl pendant chromium samples shows a shift in the main peak to higher 2-theta values with a corresponding decrease in pore volume and pore diameter, with the percentage of organosilane functionalization. Small-pore silicas and chromium silicas can be prepared from the large pore mesoporous MCM-41, by effectively removing the organic groups by calcination. By this method, the pore size of the material can be tailored into the super-microporous region, without changing the chain length of the surfactant used in the assembly process. The shrinkage in pore size is dependent on the nature and percentage of the organic pendant groups that the chloro propyl and vinyl pendant mesoporous materials show the maximum pore size shrinkage than the small chain length methyl units. Because of the tailorable pore size and with better textural characteristics, chromium-silica materials find applications in the field of shape selective heterogeneous catalysis, as demonstrated in the oxidation reaction of cyclohexane, than the conventional metal-containing mesoporous materials. (c) 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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Catalysis and Inorganic Chemistry