Bio-inspired catalyst compositions for enhanced oxygen reduction using nanostructured Pt electrocatalysts in polymer electrolyte fuel cells

TitleBio-inspired catalyst compositions for enhanced oxygen reduction using nanostructured Pt electrocatalysts in polymer electrolyte fuel cells
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2010
AuthorsParthasarathy, M, Kannan, R, Sreekumar, K, Pillai, VK
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry
Volume20
Issue43
Pagination9651-9657
Date PublishedSEP
ISSN0959-9428
Abstract

Composites of Nafion with a class of bio-molecules viz., plant hormones, are explored as potential polymer electrolytes for improving the proton transport inside the catalyst layer of a H(2)/O(2) fuel cell. Specifically, four nitrogenous plant hormones, two each from the class of auxins and cytokinins have been investigated, following preliminary characterization of the composite dispersions and membranes. Interestingly, the use of indole-3-acetic acid (an auxin) in the catalyst layer reveals a 30% enhancement in Pt catalyst utilization and improved fuel cell performance by 150 mW cm(-2). The effect of these bio-molecules on the kinetic and mass transport parameters has been analyzed systematically using a combination of electrochemical and spectroscopic techniques.

DOI10.1039/c0jm01774d
Type of Journal (Indian or Foreign)

Foreign

Impact Factor (IF)

5.099

Divison category: 
Physical and Materials Chemistry