Bactericidal activity of 2-nitroimidazole against the active replicating stage of mycobacterium bovis BCG and mycobacterium tuberculosis with intracellular efficacy in THP-1 macrophages

TitleBactericidal activity of 2-nitroimidazole against the active replicating stage of mycobacterium bovis BCG and mycobacterium tuberculosis with intracellular efficacy in THP-1 macrophages
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2008
AuthorsKhan, A, Sarkar, S, Sarkar, D
JournalInternational Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
Volume32
Issue1
Pagination40-45
Date PublishedJUL
Type of ArticleArticle
ISSN0924-8579
Keywords2-nitroimidazole, antimycobacterial agents, nitroimidazoles, THP-1 macrophage, tuberculosis
Abstract

This study evaluated the antituberculous potential of 2-nitroimidazole under in vitro conditions. Minimal bactericidal concentrations of the compound against actively replicating Mycobacterium bovis BCG and Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Ra were found to be 0.226 mu g/mL and 0.556 mu g/mL in enriched and minimal medium, respectively. Minimal inhibitory concentrations were > 100 times lower than reported antituberculous nitroimidazoles such as nitrofurantoin and furaltadone, indicating the greater potential of 2-nitroimidazole. No discernible effect of 2-nitroimidazole was seen on saprophytic Mycobacterium smegmatis and the representative bacterial strain Escherichia coli DH5 alpha, indicating the specificity of the molecule against tuberculous mycobacteria. The compound was also found to be effective against M. tuberculosis in the intracellular environment of the human monocytic cell line THP-1, with a reduction in viability of bacilli by 2.5 log after 144 h of incubation at a concentration of 0.113 mu g/mL. A five-fold higher concentration (0.565 mu g/mL) of 2-nitroimidazole sterilised the macrophages of intracellular pathogens within 192 h, without affecting the host. However, 2-nitroimidazole was unable to affect significantly the viability of dormant non-replicating bacilli of M. bovis BCG and M. tuberculosis in Wayne's in vitro model. Overall, the results indicate that 2-nitroimidazole is a potent antituberculous agent active against the organism's active replicating stage, with promising intracellular efficacy as well. (c) 2008 Elsevier B.V. and the International Society of Chemotherapy. All rights reserved.

DOI10.1016/j.ijantimicag.2008.02.022
Type of Journal (Indian or Foreign)

Foreign

Impact Factor (IF)

4.097

Divison category: 
Biochemical Sciences