Applications of a high performance platinum nanocatalyst for the oxidation of alcohols in water

TitleApplications of a high performance platinum nanocatalyst for the oxidation of alcohols in water
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2009
AuthorsMaity, P, Gopinath, CS, Bhaduri, S, Lahiri, GKumar
JournalGreen Chemistry
Date PublishedFEB

Nanoparticles of platinum (NP-Pt), have been synthesized by supporting high nuclearity anionic carbonyl cluster (Chini cluster) on a water soluble anion exchanger, and the performance of this material, 1, as an oxidation catalyst for alcohols in water has been studied. The E-factor for the synthesis of NP-Pt by this method has been calculated and compared with that of other NP-Pt recently reported in the literature. With 1 as a catalyst, oxidations of a variety of primary and secondary alcohols by dioxygen are achieved and high turnover numbers and selectivities are obtained. The performances of 1 in the oxidation of benzyl alcohol and 1-phenylethanol are compared with those of three other platinum catalysts. These are platinum nanoparticles 2 prepared by the hydrogen reduction of [PtCl6](2-) supported on the same water soluble polymer, 5% Pt on carbon, and 5% Pt on alumina, designated as 3 and 4, respectively. 1 has been found to be considerably more active than 2- 4 and also other reported water soluble platinum nanocatalysts. After many turnovers (similar to 1000 and similar to 165 for benzyl alcohol and 1-phenyl ethanol, respectively) partial deactivation (similar to 40%) is observed, but the deactivated catalyst can be fully regenerated by treatment with dihydrogen. The TEM data of fresh, deactivated and regenerated 1 show a correlation between the particle size and activity. A mechanism consistent with this and other experimental observations including XPS data is proposed.

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Catalysis and Inorganic Chemistry