Antioxidant and anticancer activities of supramolecularly controlled magnetostructural halo-oximes of lawsone

TitleAntioxidant and anticancer activities of supramolecularly controlled magnetostructural halo-oximes of lawsone
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsZaware, SB, Gonnade, RG, Srinivas, D, Khan, AA, Rane, SY
JournalNew Journal of Chemistry
Volume35
Issue8
Pagination1615-1623
Date PublishedMAY
ISSN1144-0546
Abstract

Crystal engineering based on halogen bonding together with host-guest interactions of water molecules via H-bonding, stabilizing supramolecular architecture in chloro 1, bromo 2 and iodo 3 oximes of lawsone, is discussed. 1 and 2 crystallize in orthorhombic, non-centrosymmetric space group Pna2(1) while 3 crystallizes in monoclinic P2(1)/n space group. Non-covalent competitive interactions of asymmetric solvation and halogen bonding can have a large influence on the spin distribution in 1, 2 and 3 derivatives of spin carrier lawsone live polymer as revealed by single crystal X-ray and EPR studies. The significant C3-Cl/Br center dot center dot center dot O, C3-Cl/Br center dot center dot center dot H, O-H center dot center dot center dot O-C, C-H center dot center dot center dot pi and pi center dot center dot center dot pi interactions have been identified in the molecular assemblies leading to net magnetostructures of halo-oximes. Dimer-of-dimer-type tetrameric radical assembly of 3 and interacting bi- and monoradical chain on 2(1) axis in 1 and 2 have been identified. The proton-coupled electron transfers possibly govern the antioxidant nature in halooximes of spin carrier lawsone in terms of oxygen reduction to water molecules. Such activity is found to be directly proportional to the spin (radical) concentrations in 1 to 3 and increases in order 1 < 2 < 3 according to halogen bonding effect. The antioxidant chemical DPPH assays for scavenging of such free radicals result in similar trend of increasing order like 1 < 2 < 3, but the chemical in vitro as well as ex vivo SOD antioxidant activities and biological anticancer activity on MCF-7, Hela and HL-60 cell lines show the increasing order 3 < 2 < 1 according to H-bonding effect. This probably could be attributed to the conversion of superoxide radical ions into H(2)O(2), which leads to greater oxidative stress leading to apoptosis.

DOI10.1039/c1nj20176j
Type of Journal (Indian or Foreign)

Foreign

Impact Factor (IF)

2.605

Divison category: 
Catalysis and Inorganic Chemistry
Center for Material Characterization (CMC)