Anti-proliferative effect of novel primary cetyl alcohol derived sophorolipids against human cervical cancer cells HeLa

TitleAnti-proliferative effect of novel primary cetyl alcohol derived sophorolipids against human cervical cancer cells HeLa
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsNawale, L, Dubey, P, Chaudhari, B, Sarkar, D, Prabhune, A
JournalPlos One
Volume12
Issue4
Paginatione0174241
Date PublishedAPR
Type of ArticleArticle
Abstract

Sophorolipids (SLs) are glycolipid biosurfactants that have been shown to display anticancer activity. In the present study, we report anti-proliferative studies on purified forms of novel SLs synthesized using cetyl alcohol as the substrate (referred as SLCA) and their anticancer mechanism in human cervical cancer cells. Antiproliferative effect of column purified SLCA fractions (A, B, C, D, E and F) was examined in panel of human cancer cell lines as well as primary cells. Among these fractions, SLCA B and C significantly inhibited the survival of HeLa and HCT 116 cells without affecting the viability of normal human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC). The two fractions were identified as cetyl alcohol sophorolipids with non-hydroxylated tail differing in the degree of acetylation on sophorose head group. At an IC50 concentration SLCA B (16.32 mu g ml(-1)) and SLCA C (14.14 mu g ml(-1)) blocked the cell cycle progression of HeLa cells at G1/S phase in time-dependent manner. Moreover, SLCA B and SLCA C induced apoptosis in HeLa cells through an increase in intracellular Ca2+ leading to depolarization of mitochondrial membrane potential and increase in the caspase-3, -8 and -9 activity. All these findings suggest that these SLCAs could be explored for their chemopreventive potential in cervical cancer.

DOI10.1371/journal.pone.0174241
Type of Journal (Indian or Foreign)

Foreign

Impact Factor (IF)

2.766

Divison category: 
Biochemical Sciences
Organic Chemistry