All-solid-state' electrochemistry of a protein-confined polymer electrolyte film

TitleAll-solid-state' electrochemistry of a protein-confined polymer electrolyte film
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2007
AuthorsParthasarathy, M, Pillai, VK, Mulla, IS, Shabab, M, Khan, MIslam
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Date PublishedDEC
Type of ArticleArticle
Keywordsall-solid-state, cyclic voltammetry, hemoglobin, Impedance, Nafion, redox behavior

Interfacial redox behavior of a heme protein (hemoglobin) confined in a solid polymer electrolyte membrane, Nafion (a perfluoro sulfonic acid ionomer) is investigated using a unique `all-solid-state' electrochemical methodology. The supple phase-separated structure of the polymer electrolyte membrane, with hydrophilic pools containing solvated protons and water molecules, is found to preserve the incorporated protein in its active form even in the solid-state, using UV-visible, Fluorescence (of Tryptophan and Tyrosine residues) and DRIFT (diffuse reflectance infrared Fourier transform) spectroscopy. More specifically, solid-state cyclic voltammetry and electrochemical impedance of the protein-incorporated polymer films reveal that the Fe2+-form of the entrapped protein is found to bind molecular oxygen more strongly than the native protein. In the `all-solid-state' methodology, as there is no need to dip the protein-modified electrode in a liquid electrolyte (like the conventional electrochemical methods), it offers an easier means to study a number of proteins in a variety of polymer matrices (even biomimetic assemblies). In addition, the results of the present investigation could find interesting application in a variety of research disciplines, in addition to its fundamental scientific interest, including protein biotechnology, pharmaceutical and biomimetic chemistry. (C) 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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Divison category: 
Biochemical Sciences
Physical and Materials Chemistry