2(7-3) fractional factorial optimization of polybenzimidazole based membrane electrode assemblies for H-2/O-2 fuel cells

Title2(7-3) fractional factorial optimization of polybenzimidazole based membrane electrode assemblies for H-2/O-2 fuel cells
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2008
AuthorsKannan, R, Islam, MNazrul, Rathod, D, Vijay, M, Kharul, UK, Ghosh, PC, Vijayamohanan, K
JournalJournal of Applied Electrochemistry
Volume38
Issue5
Pagination583-590
Date PublishedMAY
Type of ArticleArticle
ISSN0021-891X
KeywordsCarbon loading, Fractional factorial optimization, MEA, PBI, PEMFC
Abstract

We describe the usefulness of a statistical fractional factorial design to obtain consistent and reproducible behavior of a membrane-electrode-assembly (MEA) based on a phosphoric acid (PA) doped polybenzimidazole (PBI) membrane, which allows a H-2/O-2 fuel cell to operate above 150 degrees C. Different parameters involved during the MEA fabrication including the catalyst loading, amount of binder, processing conditions like temperature and compaction load and also the amount of carbon in the gas diffusion layers (GDL) have been systematically varied according to a 2(7-3) fractional factorial design and the data thus obtained have been analyzed using Yates's algorithm. The mean effects estimated in this way suggest the crucial role played by carbon loading in the gas diffusion layer, hot compaction temperature and the binder to catalyst ratio in the catalyst layer for enabling continuous performance. These statistically designed electrodes provide a maximum current density and power density of 1,800 mA cm(-2) and 280 mW cm(-2), respectively, at 160 degrees C using hydrogen and oxygen under ambient pressure.

DOI10.1007/s10800-007-9475-1
Type of Journal (Indian or Foreign)

Foreign

Impact Factor (IF)

2.223

Divison category: 
Physical and Materials Chemistry