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10000-Fold enhancement in proton conduction by doping of cesium ions in a proton-conducting zwitterionic metal-organic framework

Title10000-Fold enhancement in proton conduction by doping of cesium ions in a proton-conducting zwitterionic metal-organic framework
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsShalini, S, Aggarwal, S, Singh, SK, Dutt, M, Ajithkumar, TG, Vaidhyanathan, R
JournalEuropean Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Issue27
Pagination4382-4386
Date PublishedSEP
Abstract

Developing metal-organic framework (MOF)-based proton-conducting electrolytes for fuel-cell applications is an important target that has drawn a lot of attention. A key approach involves the selective replacement of the guest species within the pores to enhance performance. The modular and crystalline nature of the MOF permits controlled introduction of such species and characterization of their compositions with high precision, a task which is very difficult to achieve in amorphous polymers. Herein, we partially replaced the protons of a zwitterionic pyridinol in Mg(terephthalate)(pyridinol) MOF 1 with Cs+ ions, which brought about a 10000-fold increase in the proton conductivity (10(-6) to 10(-2) S cm(-1)). Interestingly, Li+ ions could not be loaded, whereas Cs+ ions with smaller hydrated ionic radii could be loaded, and the loading was controlled as a function of time. The Cs+ loading nearly halved the activation energy (from 0.35 for 1 to 0.19 eV for _Cs). The highest conductivities were realized for an optimal loading of Cs+ ions, which was found to be about 10 % in this case.

DOI10.1002/ejic.201600364
Type of Journal (Indian or Foreign)

Foreign

Impact Factor (IF)

2.686

Divison category: 
Central NMR Facility
Physical and Materials Chemistry